15 of the Many Endangered Species in the Philippines Everyone Must Protect Now

Philippine eagle endangered species in the philippines

The Philippine is not just home to beautiful travel destinations but it’s also home to thousands of species. Of more than 50,000 species of flora and fauna in the Philippines, more than half are found nowhere else in the world. However, there are now many endangered species in the Philippines heading to extinction mostly due to the numerous huntings. 

List of Endangered Species in the Philippines

From endangered animals in the Philippines to endangered plants in the Philippines, we’ve covered everything you must know. Here’s a list of endangered species in the Philippines you must know.

  1. Philippine Crocodile
  2. Philippine Eagle
  3. Tamaraw
  4. Bombon Sardine (Tawilis)
  5. Calamian and Philippine spotted deer
  6. Tarsier
  7. Sea Turtles
  8. Balabac mouse deer (Pilandok)
  9. Wild Pig (Baboy Damo)
  10. Philippine Forest Turtle
  11. Waling-Waling
  12. Kris Plant
  13. Staghorn Fern
  14. Arabica Coffee
  15. Catmon

What’s inside this blog?

If you want to see the current list of endangered animals in the Philippines with names and pictures, read this blog to learn more about the endangered species in the Philippines 2021 and what you can do to protect them.

Endangered Animals in the Philippines

As time goes by, more and more endemic species in the Philippines are becoming endangered animals due to many reasons: natural calamities, pollution, habitat destruction, and harmful human activities. That’s why it is important that we protect the wild animals in the Philippines to avoid their extinction. Here are the endangered animals in the Philippines on the brink of extinction should we fail to conserve and protect them

1. Philippine Crocodiles

Philippine Crocodiles endangered species in the philippines

Photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Population Classification: Critically Endangered

Found in Northern Sierra Madre

The Philippine crocodile is usually seen as the bad livestock and man-eating animal. But in reality, what they usually eat, especially the critically endangered Philippine crocodile are snails that help farmers by controlling introduced pest species in their rice fields. 

This is among the rare animals in Philippines and in the world. Compared to other crocodiles, the critically endangered Philippine crocodile is smaller than usual which is around 5 feet in length and just over 30 pounds.

2. Philippine Eagle

Philippine eagle endangered species in the philippines

Population Classification: Critically Endangered

Found in Leyte, Luzon, Mindanao, and Samar

The Philippine Eagle is like no other. With its creamy white underbellies and crown-like shaggy feathers, the critically endangered Philippine eagle surely makes a regal impression. But this one-of-a-kind eagle is now in a bad position as its population is classified as critically endangered. Now, it is among the top 10 endangered animals in the country. No more than 400 adult Philippine eagle endangered pairs remain in the wild.

The Philippine eagle conservation status began in the 1970s and since then, the Philippine Eagle Foundation has rescued over 80 eagles already. 

3. Tamaraw

tamaraw endangered species in the philippines

Photo source: Wikipedia

Population Classification: Critically Endangered

Found in Mindoro

Another critically endangered animal that can soon be among the extinct animals in the Philippines is the Tamaraw, one of the endemic species in the Philippines. The tamaraw critically endangered species Philippines is only found in the province of Mindoro. It features shiny black hair, backward-facing horns, and a height no taller than a kindergartener but, has famous tempers and will readily wield their horns against intruders, a behavior called “tusking.”

4. Bombon Sardine (Tawilis)

tawilis endangered species in the philippines

Photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Population Classification: Endangered

Found in Taal Lake

Bombon sardine, also known as Tawilis, is among the rare animals in Philippines that is now among the list of top 10 endangered animals in the country. Tawilis is the only freshwater sardine species in the world, endemic to Taal Lake. Because of overfishing, illegal fishing, the proliferation of fish cages, and deteriorating water quality, its population declined. 

5. Calamian and Philippine spotted deer

Philippine spotted deer endangered species in the philippines

Photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Population Classification: Endangered
Calamian Deer: Found in Busuanga, Calauit, Culion, Marily, and Dimaquiat islands in Palawan
Philippine spotted deer: Found in Western Visayas islands

Calamian and Philippine spotted deers are among the top 10 endangered species in the Philippines. The continuing decline of the Calamian deer population is attributed to hunting, human settlement, and agricultural expansion in its habitats. 

As for the Philippine spotted deer, they are declining because of a limited range, habitat conversion (due to agriculture and logging), and hunting. They are used for game/trophies, some surplus meat is sold to specialty restaurants, and some are kept as pets (among politicians, IUCN notes). Find organizations that help protect these Philippine endangered species. Little actions go a long way.

6. Tarsier

a closeup photo of a tarsier

Population Classification: Near threatened

Found in Bohol

Prior to the development of the Philippine Tarsier and Wildlife Sanctuary, many people hunted for tarsiers. The captured world’s second-smallest primates were being sold, kept as pets by private individuals in environments not conducive to their lifestyle and survival, or killed. 

Because of this, the tarsiers were declared to be specially protected faunal species of the Philippines by virtue of Proclamation No. 1030, declared by former Philippine President, Fidel V. Ramos on June 23, 1997. Hence, creating the Philippines Tarsier Sanctuary for their protection. 

Tarsiers are very sensitive to the point that they commit suicide when stressed. If these continue to happen, Philippine tarsiers will be endangered. The key to seeing the animals without disturbing them is to book the right guide. Mejia recommends the Philippine Tarsier Foundation, which runs the Philippine Tarsier and Wildlife Sanctuary in Bohol.

Must-read: Philippine Tarsier Sanctuary: A Place Devoted to Saving the Lives of the Emotionally-Sensitive Species

7. Sea Turtles

Population Classification: Endangered (green turtle); Vulnerable (loggerhead turtle, leatherback turtle, Olive Ridley turtle); Critically endangered) Hawksbill Sea Turtle Philippines

Found across the Philippines

Five of seven sea turtle species are found in the Philippines; all of them are threatened and belong to the classified endangered animals in the Philippines.

For the green turtle, the main cause of its population decline is the overexploitation of eggs and adult females in nesting beaches, and for juveniles and males, in foraging areas; and pollution of marine habitats.

While for the leatherback turtle, its population is most affected by incidental capture in fisheries, followed by human consumption and coastal development. The loggerhead is affected by the same causes, as well as coastal development, pollution, and climate change.

And as for the Olive Ridley which is the most abundant sea turtle, its decline in population is affected by the impacts of egg harvest, direct take of adults, bycatch, habitat degradation (including that caused by climate change), and diseases such as fibropapilloma.

8. Balabac mouse deer (Pilandok)

Population Classification: Endangered

Found in Balabac, Bugsuk, Ramos, Apulit, and Calauit islands in Palawan

Another endangered species in the Philippines is the Balabac mouse deer, also known as pilandok. This rare species may only be found in Palawan, specifically in the towns of Balabac, Bugsuk, Ramos, Apulit, and Calauit islands. The reason for its decline is that pilandoks are poached for food, displaced from its habitat (due to conversion to agriculture), and sometimes subject to trade in living animals.

If we don’t protect this enough, the pilandok may soon be in the list of extinct animals in the Philippines.

9. Wild Pig (Baboy Damo)

Population Classification: Critically Endangered (Visayan warty pig); Vulnerable (Philippine warty pig, Oliver’s warty pig/Mindoro warty pig); Near Threatened (Palawan bearded pig)

Found across the Philippines

Known locally as baboy damo, the four wild pig species above are endemic to the Philippines and are classified as near threatened, vulnerable, and critically endangered species in the Philippines. The reason is, wild pigs are locally hunted for food. Let us do our part and help in protecting these wild animals in the Philippines.

10. Philippine Forest Turtle

Population Classification: Critically Endangered

Found in Palawan

The Philippine Forest Turtle is among the critically endangered species in the Philippines, and among the 25 most endangered turtle species in the world. 

According to the Turtle Conservancy, a non-profit organization, for over 80 years, its true geographic distribution in the Philippines remained a mystery until a chance discovery of one specimen in a Palawan market in the late 1980s, and finally the rediscovery of wild populations in 2004. 

However, this rediscovery resulted in a negative effect because many hunted for the Philippine Forest Turtle for illegal wildlife trade for pets and food that is why isa na ito sa mga endangered na hayop sa Pilipinas.

Endangered Plants in the Philippines

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Endangered species in the Philippines are not just about animals. This topic also covers the list of endangered plants in the Philippines that can soon be extinct if we let them be. 

1. Waling-Waling

Waling-Waling endangered species in the philippines

Photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Population Classification: Critically Endangered

Found in Davao, Cotabato, and Zamboanga

Vanda sanderiana, commonly known as waling-waling, is a flower of the orchid family. The orchid is considered to be the “Queen of Philippine flowers” and is worshiped as a diwata by the indigenous Bagobo people. This critically endangered species of plants in the Philippines is endemic to Mindanao in the provinces of Davao, Cotabato, and Zamboanga where it is found on the trunks of dipterocarp trees at elevations below 500 meters. 

2. Kris Plant

Kris Plant endangered species in the philippines 2

Photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Population Classification: Endangered

Found in Misamis Occidental and Bukidnon

Alocasia Sanderiana, also known as the Kris Plant, is among the endangered plants in the Philippines with names and pictures in this list. It is endemic to Misamis Occidental and Bukidnon, in the Philippines.

Kris Plant is a tropical perennial, with upright, shiny, V-shaped, and deeply lobed leaves. The plant can be up to 6.5 ft tall and large in its native habitat. It has leaves that are evergreen, pelted, and a glossy deep-green with large, silvery-white veins. Usually this is used as home plants.

3. Staghorn Fern

Staghorn Fern endangered species in the philippines

Photo source: Wikimedia Commons

Population Classification: Critically Endangered

Found in Mainland Luzon, Catanduanes, and Bohol

Platycerium coronarium, or Staghorn Fern, is bright green and has shield fronds that are lobed at the top. The fertile fronds are deeply divided in a bifurcate manner and may hang 1 to 3 meters. The spore-carrying body is shaped like a kidney or an ear which distinguishes it from the other Platyceriums. Now, it is sold as a highly-priced ornamental plant. It is now classified as critically endangered and can soon be listed in the extinct plants in the Philippines if we don’t protect it. 

4. Arabica Coffee

arabica coffee bean

Photo by Iván Monroy on Unsplash

Population Classification: Endangered

Found in Cordillera

According to CNN Philippines, scientists have been reporting for years that wild arabica subpopulations are on the decline, due to deforestation, climate change, genetic erosion, pests, and diseases. The problem is that the causes for decline have not ceased, with climate change posing the biggest threat both for cultivated and wild arabica species.

5. Catmon

Population Classification: Vulnerable

Found across the Philippines

The catmon tree bears fruit and is found only in the Philippines. The fruit has many uses: it is used as vinegar and fish flavoring, for achara and jams. It can also be used to treat cough. What threatens catmon are logging and wood harvesting, and ecosystem degradation. 

Sources: National Geographic, CNN Philippines, Biodiversity Management Bureau (BMB), Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), Huffpost

How to Protect Endangered Species in the Philippines

If we let illegal activities keep happening and continue to harm mother nature, it’s possible that we face lots of extinct species in the Philippines in the near future. So now that we still have a chance, let us protect the endangered, critically endangered, vulnerable, and threatened species in the Philippines. Here are some ways you can do:

  1. Learn about endangered species in your area
  2. Spread awareness
  3. Recycle and buy sustainable products
  4. Grow native plants instead of buying
  5. Reduce your personal footprint, drive less and commute if possible
  6. Do not buy plastic products
  7. Pressure the public servants
  8. Volunteer to protect the wildlife
  9. Don’t purchase products from companies that are known polluters
  10. Don’t use herbicides and pesticides
  11. Never purchase products made from threatened or endangered species
  12. Protect wildlife habitat

Frequently Asked Questions About Endangered Species in the Philippines

Q: What are the 10 endangered animals in the Philippines?
A: Here are the top 10 endangered species in the Philippines:

  • Philippine Crocodile
  • Philippine Eagle
  • Tamaraw
  • Bombon Sardine (Tawilis)
  • Sea Turtles
  • Calamian and Philippine spotted deer
  • Balabac mouse deer (Pilandok)
  • Wild Pig (Baboy Damo)
  • Tarsier
  • Philippine Forest Turtle

Q: Why is Philippine eagle endangered?
A: Hunting is the main reason that the Philippines eagle is now among the critically endangered birds in the Philippines.

Q: How many Philippine eagles are left 2021?
A: According to the Philippine Eagle Foundation, there is an estimated number of only 400 pairs left in the wild. We hope this answers your question how many Philippine eagles are left 2021.

Q: What are the Extinct Animals in the Philippines?
A: Here’s a list of the Extinct Animals in the Philippines:

  1. Stegodon luzonensis
  2. Elephas maximus
  3. Palawan fossil Sirenia
  4. Tiger
  5. Philippine rhinoceros
  6. Palawan cervus
  7. Cebu tamaraw
  8. Luzon giant tortoise
  9. Dhole
  10. Luzon buffalo

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