Even at its most devastated state, Taal Volcano remains as one of the most remarkable and eye-catching attractions of nature. It has become a must-visit destination for every traveler across the world because of its picturesque features like no other.
You can see the volcano from one of the Philippines’ most visited destinations, Tagaytay. The city has a postcard-perfect view of the volcano that everyone loves. There are many hotels and restaurants that offer the best view of it while indulging in sumptuous meals.
But what lies beyond Taal Volcano’s beauty and little mouth is a deadly nature that could take thousands of lives. Taal is the country’s second-most active volcano and among the world’s deadliest.
If you are planning to travel here, check out these Taal Volcano facts that you should know before you visit it.
How big is Taal Volcano?
Taal Volcano stands at 1,020 feet and has 47 craters and 4 maars (volcanic craters caused by an eruption occurring when old groundwater is in contact with hot rock or magma). The main crater lake, located on Volcano Island, is 1.9 kilometer in diameter. The Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) classifies it as a complex volcano system.
The volcano island, where many of the past eruptions occurred, lies in the middle of Taal Lake.
Don’t be fooled with its size though. While this volcano is one of the smallest in the world, it’s also among the most dangerous ones.
How active is it?
Taal Volcano is one of the country’s most active volcanoes. Many of its historical eruptions took place on the volcanic island in the middle of the more expansive Taal Lake. However, the entire volcano is far larger than this rocky outpost; it is a giant cauldron-shaped edifice known as a caldera. Much of the caldera is hidden by Taal Lake, and only a small portion of the volcano sits above the water.
Taal Volcano History
So in total, how many eruptions were recorded in Taal Volcano history? There’s a total of 34 eruptions recorded within over 400 hundred years with varying characteristics: phreatic and phreatomagmatic that involves the interaction of magma and water, and strombolian (characterized by rising bubbles formed by the fusion of gas inside), among others.
The first was in 1572 and its biggest eruption was recorded in 1754 which lasted for seven months between May and December where it buried four Batangas towns under ash, volcanic rocks, and water, while ashfall deposits were recorded to have reached 100 to 110 centimeters.
And the latest Taal Volcano eruption was just this year, January 12, 2020. The ashfall affected not only Batangas but also its neighboring provinces and cities including Rizal and Metro Manila.
What people should be aware of is that experts think that a larger eruption could be brewing because the volcano has “clearly been restless for a very long time,” says Amy Donovan, an expert in volcanic risk at the University of Cambridge.
This volcano is truly a beauty but is also deadly. Before traveling, it’s important that you know the Taal Volcano facts first so you won’t arrive there empty-handed.
Things to do around Taal Volcano
Boating – one of the most fun things to do in Lake Taal is boating. You can enjoy a 30-minute ride across the lake to the village of Talisay on Volcano Island. Crossing the crater takes about 30 to 60 minutes. And did you know that Tawilis can only be found in Taal Lake?
Trekking – Craving for a challenge to reach the crater? Then go trekking. Hiking up will take at least 40 minutes before you reach the crater. You will pass by volcanic steam vents giving off a sulfuric odor before reaching the summit.
Horseback riding – if you’re too tired to trek the volcano, why not go for horseback riding? Going up the crater riding a horse will take you about 20 minutes. Once you’re there, you could see the steamy rocks oozing with steam.
Taal Volcano Facts
To summarize everything, here are some key takeaways about Taal.
1. It is the Philippines’ second-most active volcano.
2. The volcano is one of the smallest volcanoes in the world.
3. It’s considered as one of the world’s deadliest volcanoes.
4. Tawilis can be found only in Lake Taal.
5. Taal Volcano is in Batangas, not Tagaytay.
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