Kasabay ng paglala ng nararanasang krisis ngayon dulot ng COVID-19 pandemic ay ang pagkalat ng mga maling impormasyon at mga pekeng balita sa social media na maaaring magresulta ng hindi magagandang sitwasyon.

Maging ang World Health Organization (WHO) ay nababahala rito. Anila, hindi lang ang naturang virus ang kalaban ng mundo kundi pati na rin ang “infodemic” o ang labis na pagkalat ng mga maling impormasyon at halimbawa ng fake news sa social media tagalog. ‘Di gaya ng virus, mas mabilis pa nga raw kumalat ang “fake news” pero singpanganib daw ito ng kinatatakutang COVID-19. Dahil sa bawat impormasyong ibinabahagi sa telebisyon, radyo, dyaryo, at online ay buhay rin ang nakasalalay. At ang epekto ng fake news ay maaaring mauwi sa mga sitwasyong hindi kaaya-aya.

Paano mapigilan ang maling balita?

Sa panahon ngayon, dapat mas maging maingat tayo sa pamamahagi ng mga balitang ating nakakalap. Para maiwasan ang mga fake news na kumalat, narito ang limang paraan na maaari mong gawin:

  1. Siguraduhin ang kredibilidad ng pinagmulan ng impormasyon
  2. Tiyaking tama ang impormasyong ipapasa
  3. Huwag magpadala sa emosyon ng nabasa
  4. Think before you click
  5. Kapag nakabasa kang mali, itama mo
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Kaya naman nananawagan kami sa lahat na bago mag-share o mag-repost ng impormasyon, maging mapanuri muna at tiyaking tama ang ibabahagi niyo. Para maiwasan ang pagkalat ng fake news, narito ang ilang paraang maaari ninyong gawin:

people with phones using social media

1. Siguraduhin ang kredibilidad ng pinagmulan ng impormasyon

Bago magbahagi ng balita, alamin muna kung saan nanggaling ang impormasyon at suriin ang paraan ng pagbabalita. Ilan sa mapagkakatiwalaang sources ng mga balita ay mga anunsyo mula sa gobyerno, balita mula sa mga media network (TV, dyaryo, at online), at mga sangay gaya ng WHO. 

Kapag ang impormasyon ay galing sa isang website, mas mainam kung ang website ay nagtatapos sa .edu o .org.

2. Tiyaking tama ang impormasyong ipapasa

Sa panahon ngayon na maraming gumagamit ng social media, mas dapat pa tayong maging kritikal sa ating mga nababasa. Hindi lahat ng nakikita o nagba-viral online ay totoo dahil maraming nagkalat na fake news tagalog.

Bago mo ibahagi ang nabasa mo, siguraduhin mo munang tama ang impormasyon. Kung nakadududa ito, mag-research at magbasa ka pa ng ibang artikulong kahalintulad ng paksang nakita mo lalo na kung ito’y tungkol sa kalusugan gaya ng mga kumakalat na home remedy tips at health benefits ng naturang pagkain. 

Kapag kumalat ang maling impormasyon o iba pang halimbawa ng fake news sa social media tagalog, baka mapahamak ang taong makababasa nito lalo na kapag ginawa niya ang mga nabasa niya.

3. Huwag magpadala sa emosyon ng nabasa 

Likas sa atin ang pagiging emosyonal kaya naman kapag may isang artikulo, blog, o social media post na nakapukaw ng ating emosyon ay agad na natin itong paniniwalaan kahit misan ay fake news pala; hindi dahil mabilis lang tayo mapaniwala kundi dahil iyon ang gusto nating marinig na impormasyon sa mga panahon ng paghihirap. Karaniwan ito sa mga may paksang nakakapagbigay ng inspirasyon, good vibes, at mga umano’y benepisyo. 

Bagamat walang masama rito, mainam lang na siguraduhin munang tama ang ibabahagi niyong impormasyon.

4. Think before you click 

Isang magandang aksiyon para maiwasan ang pagkalat ng maling impormasyon ay ang pagsasagawa ng “think before you click” mentality. Bago ka mamahagi ng balita, pag-isipan mo munang mabuti kung ano ang mga magiging epekto nito sa nakararami; kung ano ang maganda at masamang dulot nito; kung mahalaga ba ito na malaman ng marami; at kung makatutulong ba ito sa sambayanan. 

Huwag agad-agad mag-share ng mga nababasa online. Maging responsable sa lahat ng oras dahil kadalasan ay masama ang epekto ng fake news.

5. Kapag nakabasa kang mali, itama mo

Kung nakakita ka ng mga halimbawa ng pekeng balita sa social media, ikaw na mismo ang pumigil sa pagkalat nito. Kung alam mong walang kuwenta o mali ito, ‘wag mo nang ipamahagi para hindi na madagdagan ang mga taong makababasa nito. 

O kaya naman, puwede mo itong i-share pero sabihin mo sa iyong post na mali ang naturang impormasyon kaya hindi dapat maniwala ang mga tao rito, basta siguraduhin mo lang na may kredibilidad ang source mo.

Frequently Asked Questions Tungkol Sa Mga Paraan ng Pag-Iwas Sa Maling Balita

Q: Anu-ano ang mga paraan para maiwasan ang pagkalat ng maling balita?

A: Gaya ng mga sakit, sadyang delikado ang pagkalat ng mga maling impormasyon. Narito ang ilang paraan para maiwasan ang pagkalat ng maling balita:

  1. Siguraduhin ang kredibilidad ng pinagmulan ng impormasyon
  2. Tiyaking tama ang impormasyong ipapasa
  3. Huwag magpadala sa emosyon ng nabasa
  4. Think before you click
  5. Kapag nakabasa kang mali, itama mo

Q: Ano ang epekto ng pagkalat ng maling balita?

A: Kapag mali ang impormasyong nakalap at ikinalat, marami itong posibleng maidulot sa mga tao. Ilan sa mga ito ay:

  1. Posibleng makaapekto ito sa mental health
  2. Maaaring makasira ng reputasyon ng isang tao o kompanya
  3. Posibleng magdulot ng alitan at mauwi sa physical violence

Q: May batas ba tungkol sa pagkakalat ng maling balita?

A: Sa ilalim ng Republic Act 10951 na nag-aamyenda sa Revised penal Code, maaaring makulong nang hindi lalagpas sa anim na buwan at magmulta nang hanggang P200,000 ang sinumang mapatutunayang nagkalat ng maling balita o fake news.

Q: Nakakita na ba kayo sa internet ng mga fake news at iba pang hindi ligtas sa inyong anak at pamilya?

A: Oo. Sa panahon ngayon, talagang marami na ang mga fake news na kumalat tungkol sa gobyerno, personalidad, o kahit sa ating mga malalapit na kakilala.

Q: Paano malalaman na fake news tagalog ang iyong nakita?

A: Narito ang ilan paraan para malamang pekeng balita sa social media ang kumakalat:

  1. Hindi mapagkakatiwalaan ang source
  2. Wala ang balita sa ginawa mong pananaliksik tungkol sa fake news
  3. Kaduda-duda ang paraan ng pagbabalita
  4. Hindi ito ibinalita ng mga TV Network, dyaryo, o radyo
staycation zenrooms

Since the coronavirus outbreak started, the world is in fear and our daily lives have been transformed. Some countries have declared lockdowns where no one can go out of their houses unless you’re a frontliner. Because of this, people panicked and the grocery stores have blockbuster-in-movie-like lines that only happen during the holidays. People are ready to fight for the limited supplies to protect themselves, to protect their families against the viral disease. 

This shows the new world we’re living in because of the coronavirus.

In the face of overwhelming bad news, what we need most right now are optimism, daily reminders of our better human selves and support from one another so that each of us can rise to this challenge.

people wearing masks due to covid-19

In spite of all the negativity brought by this pandemic, there are still some silver linings that the world is seeing right now. It might hard to believe but, the coronavirus gave us a gift.

1. Advancing health research and science

asian doctors and researchers working

While governments have struggled to respond to coronavirus, scientists are making the most of new tools to track and beat the virus. Scientists at Stanford University developed a diagnostic test for the coronavirus that can deliver tests in as little as 12 hours, much faster than current models. In the Philippines, scientists from the University of the Philippines invented the low-cost COVID-19 testing kits (P1,250) to accommodate the greater demand and those who can’t afford to pay P8,500 per testing kit. 

2. Enabling productivity for remote workers and students

mom working remotely while the kid is studying

As more employers have implemented the work from home policy to help slow the spread of COVID-19, many experts believe companies will come to see that central offices and face-to-face meetings are less vital than they thought. In fact, a 2015 Stanford University study found that productivity among call-center employees at one Chinese travel agency increased by 13% when they worked from home.

3. Bayanihan

 

unity amidst covid

In the Philippines, bayanihan is a huge part of the Filipino culture. It means community work or helping one another to achieve a certain goal. With the current situation brought by the COVID-19, more individuals and companies are extending their help through donations and free services to provide the needs of the people. In fact, one taho vendor became viral when he decided to give free taho (a usual breakfast of Filipinos on a rush) to the frontliners. Even countries help other countries to fight the virus. The COVID-19 brought everyone together to beat this pandemic. 

4. People becoming more cautious of misinformation

elderly men reading newspaper

With the rise of the internet and social media, it’s so easy for many people to believe and spread fake news. Because of the COVID-19, people have become more cautious about the information they share and make sure to only spread the facts, not fear and not fake news because what’s at stake here is people’s lives should others follow and believe the wrong information.

5. Less pollution

 

empty edsa

Due to the lockdowns and community quarantine in some countries, the roads that were used to be clogged have been cleared and the bumper to bumper cars are no longer seen. If there’s one good thing that COVID-19 did that will definitely change the world, it’s this. For weeks, the Earth can finally breathe and the people will be able to feel fresh air because there will be less pollution. There will be no smoke belchers on the roads.

6. More time with the family

asian family having fun together at home

One of the preventive measures to avoid COVID-19 is social distancing, hence, most people are required to only work from home or take a leave. This means, the time you spend commuting and in the office will now be dedicated to your family. You will now have the chance to spend quality time together and do the things you weren’t able to do before because of work. This is also the perfect time to reflect and spend quality time for yourself may it be in a form of relaxing or catching up the much needed sleep. COVID-19 just gave us a gift… a gift of time.

7. Starting new hobbies

a girl preparing cake

Because people are required to just stay at home, this is also the perfect time to discover and start a new hobby. You now have your time in your hands. If you’re bored and tired being stuck at home, search the internet for new hobbies that you might enjoy. It could be stitching, reading, writing, photography, baking, etc.

8. Focusing on healthy living more than ever 

a girl eating vegetable salad

According to health officials, most confirmed cases of having COVID-19 are aged 40s and above. While it’s not common to children and middle aged people, it’s still important to pay attention to their health. There are no treatments developed yet but doctors say that it’s important to keep your immune system strong. Because of this outbreak, more and more people are now focusing on healthy living more than ever to avoid the disease. 

9. Lifting each other up

 

a flag outside an apartment that says everything will be fine

In the face of COVID-19, people need each other’s supports more than ever. In some countries like China and Italy, people are singing together from their balconies to show support to one another. We may not be physically together but our hearts are bonded, believing and hoping that this will end.

With all these being said, we don’t veer away with the fact that COVID-19 will never be a good thing as this has taken so many lives and brought more people in danger. We just want everyone to remember that in spite of our horrible situation we’re at now, we will see the sun again and have our normal lives back again. 

As a reminder to everyone, it’s important to follow the government protocols to save not just our lives but also our frontliners who are sacrificing theirs to serve the public.

 

 

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