Itinuturing na Pambansang Bayani ng nakararami, si Dr. Jose Rizal ay isa sa mga Pilipinong magigiting na nakipaglaban para sa Kalayaan ng Pilipinas kaya hindi nakapagtatakang laging pinag-aaralan ang talambuhay ni Jose Rizal.

Sa darating na June 19, 2021, 160 taon na si Dr. Jose Rizal. Sa pagsapit ng kaniyang kaarawan, ating alalahanin ang kaniyang buhay mula pagkabata at balikan ang mga natatangi niyang nagawa para sa Pilipinas sa pamamagitan ng Talambuhay ni Jose Rizal na aming inilathala. 

*Cover photo sources: Left (Wikimedia Commons) | Right (Wikimedia Commons)

Sino si Jose Rizal?

Si José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda o mas kilala bilang Dr. Jose Rizal ang itinuturing na Pambansang Bayani ng Pilipinas. Isa siya sa mga magigiting na Pilipinong nakipaglaban para sa kalayaan ng Pilipinas hindi sa paraang dahas, kundi sa pamamagitan ng mga salita. Nakilala siya sa kaniyang mga akda na Noli Me Tángere (Touch Me Not) at El filibusterismo (The Reign of Greed) kung saan niya isiniwalat ang karahasan, korupsiyon, at masasamang gawain ng mga prayle at opisyal na Espanyol.

Ipinanganak si Rizal noong June 19, 1861 at binaril sa Bagumbayan noong December 30, 1896. 

Ano ang nilalaman ng blog na ito?

Kapanganakan ni Jose Rizal

Ang kapanganakan ni Jose Rizal ay June 19, 1861 sa Calamba, Laguna. Ang mga magulang ni Jose Rizal ay sina Doña Teodora Alonso Realonda at Don Francisco Mercado.

Talambuhay ni Jose Rizal

young jose rizal

Photo source: Wikidata

Buong pangalan ni Jose Rizal: José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda
Kaarawan ni Rizal: June 19, 1861
Mga magulang ni Jose Rizal: Doña Teodora Alonso Realonda at Don Francisco Mercado

Mula pagkabata at mga katangian ni Jose Rizal hanggang sa pagtanda at kaniyang mga inibig, mas kilalanin pa kung sino si Dr Jose Rizal sa aming isinulat sa ibaba tungkol sa buhay ni Jose Rizal.


Ang Batang Rizal

Nagsimula ang buhay ni Jose Rizal sa Calamba, Laguna kung saan siya ipinanganak at lumaki. Ang pamilya nina Rizal ay isa sa mga pinakasikat at pinakamayaman sa kanilang bayan. 

Ayon sa mga eksperto, ang ang buhay ni Jose Rizal noong kanyang kabataan ay hindi naiiba sa ordinaryong bata dahil maging siya ay nagkukuwento rin tungkol sa kaniyang mga crush at pinapalo rin siya kapag may nagawang hindi maganda. Ang kaibahan lang ni Rizal sa ordinaryong bata ay siya ay isang matalinong bata. Ang kaniyang nanay na si Teodora Alonso, kaniyang tiyahin, at si Justiniano Aquino Cruz ang nagsilbing unang mga guro ni Rizal. Sa edad na 3, natutunan na ni Rizal ang alpabeto sa tulong ng kaniyang ina, habang sa edad na 5 ay marunong na siyang magbasa at magsulat. 


Edukasyon ni Jose Rizal

jose rizal and the group

Photo source: Wikiwand

Kung hinahanap mo kung saan nag aral si Jose Rizal, ang sagot dito ay marami kung saan nabuo at nahubog ang iba’t ibang mga katangian ni Jose Rizal.

Noong 11 taong gulang si Rizal ay nag-aral siya sa Ateneo na noo’y sa Intramuros sa Maynila pa nakatayo pero bago pa siya magsimulang mag-aral doon ay tinanggihan muna siya ng paaralan. Pero sa tulong ng koneksiyon ng kanilang pamilya, pinayagan at nakapasok na si Rizal sa premyadong paaralan kahit hindi maalam si Rizal sa wikang Espanyol. Hindi naging madali at masaya ang unang mga araw ni Rizal sa Ateneo. Nakaramdam siya ng lubos na kalungkutan dahil tingin niya ay nag-iisa lang siya doon dahil karamihan sa mga kaklase niya ay mga mestizo habang siya ay kayumangging Pilipino.

Nang tumagal ay nakasanayan din ni Rizal ang buhay sa Ateneo at sa katunayan nga ay isa siya sa mga pinakamatalinong estudyante roon. Halos lahat ng asignatura ay magaling si Rizal kaya nagtapos si Rizal sa Ateneo ng may karangalan.

Para naman pagbigyan ang hiling ng tatay niya, nag-exam din siya sa Colegio de San Juan de Letran pero kalauna’y sa Ateneo Municipal de Manila siya pumasok at nagtapos bilang isa rin sa pinakamagaling na estudyante. Tumanggap siya ng karangalang sobresaliente or outstanding. Ipinagpatuloy ni Rizal ang pag-aaral niya sa Ateneo para makakuha ng degree sa land surveyor and assessor. Kasabay nito ay kumuha rin siya ng pre-law course sa University of Santo Tomas kung saan nagtapos din siya ng may excellent mark.

Nang malaman ni Rizal na mabubulag ang kaniyang nanay, nagdesisyon siyang mag-aral ng medisina sa UST at kunin ang kursong ophthalmology. 


Ang Mga Nagpatibok sa Puso ni Jose Rizal

Hindi kumpleto ang Talambuhay ni Dr Jose Rizal kung wala rito ang mga babaeng nagpaibig sa kaniya. Kilalanin sila isa-isa rito.

1. Segunda Katigbak
Si Seguna ang kauna-unahang pag-ibig sa talambuhay ni Dr Jose Rizal. Walang nailathala kung paano sila nagkakilala pero nag-aaral noon si Segunda sa parehong paaralan kung saan nag-aaral ang babaeng kapatid ni Rizal kaya madalas siyang pumupunta sa La Concordia College para “bisitahin” daw ang kaniyang kapatid pero sa totoo, ay upang masilayan si Segunda. 

2. Leonor Valenzuela
Si Leonor o mas kilala bilang Orang ay kapitbahay ni Rizal sa Intramuros noong siya’y nag-aaral sa UST. Nagsusulatan sila ng liham at sinasabing gumagamit daw si Rizal noon ng invisible ink para hindi mabisto ang kaniyang liham dahil noo’y nililigawan niya rin ang isa pang Leonor na si Leonor Rivera. Ayon sa ilang akda, hindi raw ganoon kalalim ang pagtingin ni Orang kay Rizal kaya hindi umusbong ang kanilang relasyon.

3. Leonor Rivera
Si Leonor Rivera ang itinuturing na pinakamatamis at pinakamasakit na pag-ibig sa talambuhay ni Dr Jose Rizal. Siya ay pinsan ni Rizal dahil anak si Leonor ng pinsan ng tatay ni Rizal. 

Bata pa lang sila nang sila’y magkakilala at nagsulatan sa loob nang dalawang taon noong nasa Europa si Rizal hanggang sa hindi na lang sumagot si Leonor sa mga sulat nito. Ayaw daw ng ina ni Leonor kay Rizal kaya niloko niya si Leonor at sinabing engaged na si Rizal sa ibang babae kaya nagpakasal si Leonor kay Henry Charles Kipping na isang English railway engineer. 

4. Consuelo Ortiga y Rey
Ang isa sa mga tulang isinulat ni Rizal ay ang A La Señorita C.O. y R na inialay para kay Consuelo. Kaya lang, hindi umusbong ang relasyon nila dahil nagpaubaya si Rizal sa kaibigan niya na may gusto rin noon kay Consuelo, at dahil engaged pa si Rizal noon kay Leonor. Is anga ba ang pagiging babaero sa mga katangian ni Jose Rizal? Kayo na ang humusga.

5. Seiko Usui
Si Seiko, o O-Sei-San kung tawagin ni Rizal ay nakilala niya sa Tokyo. Nagtatrabaho sila sa iisang kompanya noon kaya sila nagkakilala at nabuo ang pagtitinginan. Matapos ang isang buwan, naghiwalay sila dahil pupunta na ng San Francisco sa Amerika si Rizal.

6. Gertrude Beckett
Si Gertrude o Gettie ay anak ni Charles Beckett na landlord ni Rizal sa London noong May 1888. Sabi sa ilang akda, si Gettie ang talagang may malalim na pagtingin sa dalawa. Madalas niyang tinutulungan si Rizal sa mga kailangan nito. 

7. Suzanne Jacoby
Si Suzanne naman ay isang Belgian na pamangkin ng landlady ni Jose Rizal sa Brussels. May ilang beses din silang lumabas pero hindi raw ganoon kalalim ang pagtingin ni Rizal para kay Suzanne kaya hindi natuloy ang relasyon.bago umalis si Rizal, binigyan daw siya ng isang kahon ng tsokolate pero hindi ito binuksan ni Suzanne. Kinuwento ito ni Suzanne sa liham niya para kay Rizal at sinabihan pa na sana ay bumalik siya sa Brussels.

8. Nellie Boustead
Si Nellie ay anak ng British businessman na si Eduardo Boustead. Matagal nang kaibigan ni Jose Rizal ang pamilya Boustead. Dumating pa nga raw sa punto na balak nang mag-propose ni Rizal kay Nellie pero marahil ito ay dahil lubos siyang nasaktan sa pagpapakasal ni Leonor Rivera sa iba. Hindi natuloy ang relasyon nila dahil ayaw raw ng ina ni Nellie kay Rizal. 

9. Josephine Bracken
Si Josephine ang asawa at huling pag-ibig sa talambuhay ni Jose Rizal. Taga Hong Kong si Josephine at pumuntang Pilipinas kasama ang adoptive father niya upang ipagamot ang mata nito. Nang walang makitang pagamutan ay dumeretso siya kay Rizal dahil noo’y sikat na si Rizal na doctor. Doon ay ipinagamot niya ang tatay niya kaya sila nagkakilala ni Rizal hanggang sa mahulog sa isa’t isa. Nagkaroon silang anak pero namatay rin ito pagkasilang sa kaniya.


Mga Natatanging Isinulat ni Jose Rizal

jose rizal from NCCA

Photo credits to NCCA Official via Flickr

Mababatid mo kung sino si Jose Rizal, mga karanasan ni Dr Jose Rizal, at kaniyang mga ipinaglalaban sa kaniyang mga naisulat. Malaking bahagi ng buhay ni Jose Rizal ay ang kaniyang mga naisulat dahil ilan sa mga ito ang nagmulat sa mga Pilipino tungkol sa karahasan ng mga Espanyol. Ang pinakatanyag sa kaniyang mga naisulat ay ang Noli Me Tángere (Touch Me Not) at El filibusterismo (The Reign of Greed) kung saan isiniwalat niya ang karahasan at hindi magagandang gawain ng mga Espanyol na prayle at opisyal ng gobyerno. Ang mga librong ito ay nagmulat sa mata ng maraming Pilipino na ilan sa naging ugat ng himagsikan para sa kalayaan ng Pilipinas.

Pero bukod sa mga ito ay tanyag din Ang Tsinelas ni Jose Rizal at ang tula na Sa Aking Mga Kabata. Ang Tsinelas ni Jose Rizal ay sumasalamin sa magandang pag-uugali ni Rizal gaya ng pagiging selfless. Ito ay tungkol sa karanasan niya. Habang naglalaro sa may ilog ay nalaglag ang tsinelas ni Rizal at mabilis na inagos ng tubig. Hindi niya ito nakuha dahil sa bilis ng agos. Kaya ang ginawa niya ay itinapon na lang ang isa pang tsinelas ni Rizal at umaasa na sana raw ay mahabol ng kaniyang tsinelas ang kapares nito para kumpleto itong makukuha ng sinomang makakita rito.


Katangian ni Jose Rizal

Si Rizal, ayon sa mga eksperto, ay maliit at hindi kagwapuhan kaya baka magtaka kayo kung bakit kahit ganoon ay marami pa rin siyang babaeng napapaibig. Ito ay dahil sa magaganda at natatanging katangian ni Jose Rizal. Si Rizal kasi ay makisig, matapang, matalino, mapagbigay, at mapagmahal sa pamilya at Inang Bayan. 


Frequently Asked Questions About Talambuhay ni Jose Rizal

Q: Sino si Jose Rizal?
A: Si Dr. Jose Rizal ang itinuturing na Pambansang Bayani ng Pilipinas. Nakilala siya dahilsa kaniyang mga natataning kontribusiyon sa Kalayaan ng Pilipinas tulad ng kaniyang mga iniakdang libro na Noli Me Tangere at El filibusterismo. Ito ang sagot sa tanong mo kung sino si Jose Rizal.

Q: Saan ipinanganak si Jose Rizal?
A: Ipinanganak si Jose Rizal sa Calamba, Laguna. Ang kaarawan ni Rizal ay June 19, 1861. Sana ay nasagot namin ang tanong niyo kung saan ipinanganak si Jose Rizal.

Q: Ano ang buong pangalan ni Jose Rizal?
A: Ang buong pangalan ni Rizal ay José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda. Ito ang ang sagot sa tanong mo kung ano ang buong pangalan ni Jose Rizal.

Q: Sino ang mga magulang ni Jose Rizal?
A: Ang mga magulang ni Jose Rizal ay sina  Doña Teodora Alonso Realonda at Don Francisco Mercado.

Q: Kailan ang kapanganakan ni Jose Rizal?
A: Ipinanganak si Dr. Jose Rizal noong June 19, 1861. Ito ang kaarawan ni Rizal.

Q: Ilang taon na si Jose Rizal ngayong 2021?
A: Si Jose Rizal ay 160 taon na ngayong 2021.

Q: Ano ang petsa ng kapanganakan ni Dr Jose Rizal?
A: Ang petsa ng kapanganakan ni Dr Jose Rizal ay June 19, 1861. 

Q: Sino ang pambansang bayani ng Pilipinas?
A: Ang itinuturing na pambansang bayani ng Pilipinas ay si Jose Rizal. Pero wala pang ipinoproklamang opisyal na pambansang bayani ang gibyerno ng Pilipinas. Ayon sa National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCAA), walang batas o executive order na nagpo-proklama sa kahit sinong Pilipino bilang pambansang bayani ng Pilipinas. 

Q: Pang ilang anak si Dr. Jose Rizal?
A: Si Jose Rizal, na ang buong pangalan ay Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda, ay pang pitong anak sa labing isang magkakapatid. Ito ang sagot sa tanong mo na pang ilang anak si Dr. Jose Rizal. Ang mga magulang naman ni Jose Rizal ay sina Doña Teodora Alonso Realonda at Don Francisco Mercado.

Q: Kailan ipinanganak si Jose Rizal?
A: Ipinanganak si Dr. Jose Rizal noong June 19, 1861. Ito ang kaarawan ni Rizal. Ito ang sagot sa tanong mo kung kailan ipinanganak si Jose Rizal.

Q: Kailan ang araw ni Dr Jose Rizal?
A: Ang araw ni Dr Jose Rizal ay December 30. Itinuturing itong regular holiday sa Pilipinas.

Q: Saan nag aral si Jose Rizal?
A: MAraming eskuwelahang pinag-aralan si Jose Rizal na nabanggit sa isinulat naming talambuhay ni Jose Rizal. Kabilang dito ang:

  1. Ateneo Municipal de Manila
  2. University of Santo Tomas
  3. Universidad Central de Madrid
  4. University of Paris

Ito ang sagot sa tanong mo kung saan nag aral si Jose Rizal?.

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José Rizal is turning 160 years old on June 19, 2021. As we commemorate the birth anniversary of this Philippine hero, let us also recall the significant events in his life: from the birthplace of Jose Rizal and Jose Rizal’s education to Rizal’s writings that somehow awakened Filipinos to revolt against their Spanish colonizers.

Without a doubt, Jose P Rizal is one of the most admired Filipino figures in the Philippine history for his heroic acts. In this blog, get to know this brave young man and how he shaped history with the works of Rizal.

*Cover photo sources: Left (Wikimedia Commons) | Right (Wikimedia Commons)

Who is José Rizal?

Dr. Jose Rizal is a man of many things⁠—a patriot, physician, writer, an inspiration, and a Philippine hero. He was born in Calamba, Laguna to Teodora Alonso Realonda and Francisco Mercado. Jose Rizal’s birthday is June 19, 1861. 

What’s inside this blog?

Full Name of Jose Rizal

jose rizal from NCCA

Photo credits to NCCA Official via Flickr

The full name of Jose Rizal is José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda. But when Doc Jose Rizal was still young, he went by several names.

When he was young, he was known in his family as “Pepe.” But as he grew old, he grew smarter, stronger, and more famous for so many things.

Doc Jose Rizal was known for his strong criticisms against the Spaniards and he spread the word without using the full name of Jose Rizal. Not that we’re saying he isn’t brave enough to write his opinion because he hid his identity—in fact, he’s one of the bravest Filipinos in history—using the real name of Jose Rizal wouldn’t be a smart choice because if the pen names of Jose Rizal weren’t used, who knows, the Filipinos might not gain its independence sooner. Here are the pen names of Jose Rizal that changed the Philippine history.

Laong Laan

The pen name of Jose Rizal when he was a contributor of poems and articles for the Spanish newspaper “La Solidaridad” was Laong Laan. It was the name of a railway station in Manila and goes by the meaning “ever ready”.

La Solidaridad was an organization created in Spain composed of Filipino liberals exiled in 1872 and students attending Europe’s universities, and issued a newspaper of the same name published in Barcelona, Spain. 

Aside from Doc Jose Rizal, others who contributed to La Solidaridad and used pen names were Marcelo H. del Pilar (Plaridel), Mario Ponce (Naning, Kalipulo or Tigbalang), Antonio Luna (Taga Ilog) and Jose Maria Panganiban (Jomapa).

Dimasalang

Dimasalang, on the other hand, was also the pen name of Jose Rizal. When he served as a correspondent of the same Spanish newspaper La Solidaridad, the full name of Jose Rizal was not used. Dimasalang means “untouchable.”

May Pagasa

When Doc Jose Rizal transferred to Madrid and became a member of Freemasonry, he used the pseudonym “May Pagasa” which means “there is hope.”


Jose Rizal Birthday

The birthday of Jose Rizal is June 19, 1861. This year is his 160th birth anniversary. The birthplace of Jose Rizal is in Calamba, Laguna.


Biography of Jose Rizal

young jose rizal

Photo source: Wikidata

Complete Name of Rizal: José Protasio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda
Rizal Bday: June 19, 1861
Hometown: Calamba, Laguna

From the José Rizal education to the works of Jose Rizal, you can learn it all here (and everything you probably don’t know yet about the Philippine hero) in this biography of Jose Rizal.


The Young Rizal Life

Born to an affluent family with Doña Teodora Alonso Realonda and Don Francisco Mercado being his parents, Jose P Rizal grew up in what was said to be the first stone house in Calamba, Laguna. They were also the ones first to own a piano, a home library, and stables and carriage. Their family, the Mercados, were among the richest in Calamba.

According to experts, Rizal’s boyhood is typical, similar to other kids his age. From telling stories of his crushes to experiencing beatings, Rizal was like any other boy. Except for the fact that he was really a bright young kid. Jose Rizal’s education started at home with his mom and aunt as his first teachers. His early studies also started with his teacher Justiniano Aquino Cruz. He learned the alphabet from his mother at the age of 3 and could read and write at age 5.


Rizal’s Education: A Man of Many Professions

jose rizal and the group

Photo source: Wikiwand

At the age of 11, he entered the Ateneo school then located at the Intramuros in Manila, and he was initially denied entry. But with their family’s connections, Doc Jose Rizal was allowed to study at the premier school despite knowing very little Spanish. During José Rizal education at the Ateneo, he felt isolated because most of his classmates were mestizos and he was a dark-skinned Filipino boy.

As time passed, Rizal’s life in Ateneo became more bearable. He rose through the ranks, being one of the top-performing students. He excelled in every subject he took. He was, indeed, a bright young boy.

To grant his father’s request, Rizal took the entrance examination in Colegio de San Juan de Letran but then enrolled at the Ateneo Municipal de Manila and graduated as one of the nine students in his class recognized as sobresaliente or outstanding. Rizal continued his education at the Ateneo Municipal de Manila to obtain a land surveyor and assessor’s degree, and at the same time at the University of Santo Tomas where he did take up a preparatory course in law and finished with an excellent mark. 

When Rizal found out that his mother Teodora Alonzo was going blind, he decided to take up medicine at the medical school of the University of Santo Tomas specializing later in ophthalmology. As expected, Rizal finished his medical studies with flying colors. 

But the story of Jose Rizal ’s education didn’t stop there. In May 1882, Rizal traveled alone to Madrid without his parents’ knowledge but he was secretly supported by brother Paciano. There she studied medicine at the Universidad Central where he earned a degree. 

At 25, Rizal completed his eye specialization under the renowned professor, Otto Becker in 1887. There he used the newly-invented ophthalmoscope to later operate on his own mother’s eye. 

Apart from being known as a poet, an essayist, and an expert in the field of medicine, Rizal has other amazing talents worth taking note of. He knew how to paint, sketch, and make sculptures, and became a polyglot as he can converse in 22 languages. Aside from medicine, poetry, and creative writing, Rizal had other degrees in architecture, sociology, anthropology, fencing, martial arts, and economics to name a few.


The Women in the Life of José Rizal

This Philippine hero was known to have loved many girls (where some said he loved at the same time). But to many people’s surprise, Rizal wasn’t really the “handsome” type of guy that a woman would be attracted to in a first impression. As experts said, Rizal was not born a “cute baby”. But perhaps, with his charisma, intelligence, wit, and gentlemanliness, that caught the attention and hearts of nine different women.

1. Segunda Katigbak

Who she is: The first love of Rizal. Segunda was the sister of Mariano Katigbak, Rizal’s friend and classmate. 

How they met: There’s no written work that says how the two exactly met but knowing that Segunda studied in the same school as Rizal’s sister, he did the most logical thing that other boys would have done as well: visit La Concordia College more frequently, superficially to see his sister, but mostly to get a glimpse of Segunda.

How it ended: As the story goes, Rizal told Segunda that he was returning home to Calamba for the New Year. He told Segunda that he might see her when her steamer docks at Biñan and she passes through Calamba on her way to Lipa. Rizal waited for her and he did see her pass by on a carriage, she even waved to him but instead of following her, Rizal chose to go home.

2. Leonor Valenzuela

Who she is: Leonor or “Orang” was Rizal’s girl-next-door affair. 

How they met: Orang was Rizal’s neighbor when he stayed in Intramuros while studying at the University of Santo Tomas. The story goes that he wrote love letters to her in invisible ink to allegedly cover up his indiscretion, as he was also pursuing his next love, Leonor Rivera, at the time.

How it ended: Rizal may have been infatuated with Orang, but it’s likely that Orang didn’t feel the same way about him. Orang continued on with her life, entertained other suitors, and did not shed a tear when Rizal left the country.

3. Leonor Rivera

Who she is: Rizal’s cousin and childhood sweetheart. His most significant love and heartbreak. Leonor was the daughter of a cousin of Rizal’s father.

How they met: The love story of the two started at a young age. They met in Manila when Leonor was 13 years old, and even as Rizal left for Europe two years later, the two kept up their communication, which kept Rizal inspired during his studies. 

How it ended: Rizal’s letters to Leonor went unacknowledged for a whole year because it turned out Leonor married another guy. Leonor’s mother didn’t want Rizal to end up with her daughter so she convinced Leonor to marry Henry Charles Kipping, an English railway engineer. Not that Leonor wanted to, but her mother convinced her after she said Rizal was engaged to Ferdinand Blumentritt’s daughter.

4. Consuelo Ortiga y Rey

Who she is: She was the daughter of Don Pablo Ortiga, a former mayor of Manila.

How they met: As written in Consuelo’s diary, she first met Rizal in Madrid on September 16, 1882, and apparently they talked the whole night. Consuelo had a penchant for asking Rizal to write her poems and verses, and he would happily comply. The most well-known of these is entitled A La Señorita C.O. y R.

How it ended: The story ended because Rizal was the best bud and the “two-timer”. Eduardo de Lete, one of Rizal’s compatriots, apparently was attracted to Consuelo. It forced Rizal to back out of whatever budding relationship he had with her. Another reason is that Rizal was still engaged to Leonor Rivera that time.

5. Seiko Usui

Who she is: Seiko Usui is  the “O-Sei-San” that Rizal called. The 23-year-old lady worked at the Spanish Legation in Tokyo. 

How they met: Then 27-year-old Rizal started working at the Spanish Legation in February 1888. He saw Seiko walking in the garden and caught his attention and asked the gardener who she was. Because Seiko spoke both English and French, the two managed to build up a friendship and eventually a relationship. Seiko also taught him Japanese and their dates were spent mostly exploring parks, shrines, and museums such as the Imperial Art Gallery.

How it ended: After a month-long relationship, Rizal had to leave for San Francisco in April 1888.

6. Gertrude Beckett

Who she is: Gertrude, or Gettie as what Rizal called her, was the daughter of Charles Beckett, Rizal’s landlord when he stayed in London in May 1888.

How they met: After his stay in the US, Rizal traveled to London and stayed in the boarding house run by Charles Beckett. Gettie had her eyes on Rizal, helping him with his artwork. Her assistance helped Rizal finish his works ‘Prometheus Bound’, ‘The Triumph of Death over Life,’ and ‘The Triumph of Science over Death.’

How it ended: Some sources said that it was only Gettie who wanted more out of their friendship, while others said that Rizal got cold feet, which made him decide to leave London for Paris in March 1889, perhaps in an effort to let Gettie down easy.

7. Suzanne Jacoby

Who she is: Suzanne was a Belgian woman who was the niece of Rizal’s landladies in Brussels.

How they met: What’s up with Rizal and boarding house romantic affairs? His stay in Brussels included spending a lot of time with Suzanne, and they attended the city’s summertime festival together.

How it ended: It seems that he just wasn’t into her. It seems that Rizal was not really just into her. He left her a box of chocolates, which according to Suzanne, she didn’t even open, possibly to keep as a memento. She wrote to him two months later, telling him about the unopened box of chocolates and urging him to hurry back. Rizal returned to Brussels in April 1891, but only so he could keep working on El Filibusterismo.

8. Nellie Boustead

Who she is: The half-Filipina Nellie was the daughter of British businessman Eduardo Boustead. She was also the fiancée of Antonio Luna.

How they met: Rizal had been friends with Nellie’s family, and he used to fence with Nellie and her sister Adelina at Juan Luna’s studio. It got to the point where Rizal actually considered proposing to Nellie, probably because of the rebound blues talking because at the time, he had just learned that Leonor Rivera got married to someone else.

How it ended: Some said that Nellie wanted Rizal to convert to Protestantism, and her mother didn’t approve of a man who didn’t have the capacity to give her daughter a good life. But the relationship didn’t end in tears, as the two had a decent breakup. Nellie even wished him well in a letter as he was about to leave Europe.

9. Josephine Bracken

Who she is: The wife of Rizal, his last love before he died. Josephine was born in Hong Kong to Irish parents.

How they met: The two met when Josephine and her adoptive father George Taufer went to the Philippines and then to Dapitan to see Rizal, to treat Taufer’s eyes. Though Rizal’s sisters thought that Josephine was a spy for the Spanish, Josephine and Rizal eventually fell in love and they lived together in Barangay Talisay in Dapitan. Their son Francisco was stillborn.

How it ended: After Rizal’s death, Josephine returned to Hong Kong and lived with her father. She married Vicente Abad in1900 and they had a daughter named Dolores. Josephine died of tuberculosis at the age of 25. 


Works and Life of Rizal: Where He Awakened the Filipinos

For Rizal, the pen was mightier than the sword and he proved that. He was very vocal of his opinions against the Spaniards and through Rizal’s writings, Noli Me Tángere (Touch Me Not) and El filibusterismo (The Reign of Greed), he exposed the corruption and malpractices of government officials and the Spanish friars. Because of that, he became the enemy of the state.

In July 1892, he was exiled without trial to Dapitan, Mindanao for allegedly instigating sedition. There Rizal built a school, a hospital and a water supply system, and taught and engaged in farming and horticulture. Then from November 3 to December 29, 1896, Jose Rizal was held in Fort Santiago in Manila, where he was sentenced to death for allegedly supporting a brewing revolution against Spanish rule.

The martyrdom of Rizal was the point that led him to his demise by a firing squad of Filipino soldiers of the Spanish Army at the Bagumbayan, now known as Luneta or Rizal Park. The works and life of Rizal may have ended his life but it began a new life for the Filipino nation. The Jose Rizal history, truly, is something worth remembering.


Facts About Jose Rizal

  1. He was a polyglot. He was fluent in 22 languages: Hebrew, Filipino, Ilokano, Bisayan, Subanon, Chinese, Latin, Spanish, Greek, English, French, German, Arabic, Malay, Sanskrit, Dutch, Japanese, Catalan, Italian, Portuguese, Swedish and Russian.
  2. He was also a polymath, a man of many professions. He was an ophthalmologist, farmer, historian, painter, journalist, playwright, novelist, engineer, and educator. He also had varying degrees of expertise in economics, ethnology, sociology, anthropology, architecture, cartography, martial arts, dramatics, fencing, and pistol shooting.
  3. He was a good sculptor at a very young age.
  4. Rizal was a small man. He was just 5 feet and 3 inches tall, had a waistline of 25-26 inches and had a big head.
  5. There are three animals named after Rizal:  abogonia rizalie, a type of small beetle; Drago Rizalie, a species of dragonfly and Racoforus Rizalie, a species of toad. 
  6. When he was studying in Spain, Rizal had to pawn a ring owned by his sister Saturnina just to pay for his exams. 
  7. Rizal stuffed unknown papers in his pockets and shoes on the eve of his execution. He did this because he presumed that his corpse would be turned over to his family after his execution. But as we all know, his body was dumped by Spanish officials in an unmarked grave in Paco cemetery. The papers have since deteriorated and the contents of which were never identified. 
  8. Rizal’s favorite fruits were lanzones and mango. On account of his former cook in Dapitan, his meals consisted of three viands. His breakfast consisted of hot chocolate, rice and tuyo. 
  9. Rizal had his third unfinished work or novel. Known by historians as “Maka-misa,” this unfinished work was started by Rizal in 1892 in Hongkong. Maka-misa is not actually a title of the novel but only a single chapter of the unfinished novel. He began writing it in Tagalog but gave up and continued writing in Spanish 
  10. Rizal made humorous comics in Germany entitled “The Baptism of Two Brothers.” He made the comic strip to entertain the children of his landlord. He used cuss in that comic strip. 
  11. While in exile in Dapitan, Rizal wrote an extensive written discourse on witchcraft (kulam) with translation entitled the “Treatment and Cure of the Bewitched.”  A part of it explained that witches are not always old and ugly. 
  12. Rizal established a school while in Dapitan with 21 pupils who were never asked to pay but were required by Rizal to work for the community.
  13. Rizal has never been proclaimed a national hero. According to the National Commission for Culture and the Arts (NCCA), there is no law, executive order or proclamation that has been enacted or issued proclaiming any Filipino historical figure as a national hero.  

Frequently Asked Questions About José Rizal

Q: What is the full name of Jose Rizal?
A: Dr Jose Rizal full name is Jose Protacio Rizal Mercado y Alonso Realonda.

Q: When is the birthday of Jose Rizal?
A: Jose Rizal birthday is June 19, 1861.

Q: When is Jose Rizal’s death?
A: Jose Rizal’s death is on December 30, 1896, celebrated in the Philippines as Rizal day.

Q: Where was Rizal executed?
A: Rizal life ended at the Bagumbayan, now known as the Luneta PArk or Rizal Park in Manila. He was executed by a firing squad on December 30, 1896.

Q: What are the works of Jose Rizal?
A: The two most popular writings of Jose Rizal tagalog that awakened the Filipinos are: 

  1. Noli Me Tangere (Touch Me Not)
  2. El filibusterismo (The Reign of Greed)

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